Alzheimer’s disease

No Comments

This type of disease is one of the known types of dementia. With it, the brain finishes performing all its vital functions in a certain way. The disease causes problems with memory, memorization, behavior and thinking.The early stage (pre-dementia or early stage of dementia, depending on the degree of involvement of the patient in the disease) is due to weaker symptoms of dementia, but in progressive development (moderate dementia or severe dementia), symptoms worsen and increasingly begin to affect the brain. The rate of the disease is individual for each patient, but the average life expectancy of patients will be about 8 years.

Often, the cause of Alzheimer’s disease can be a small amount of substances that are involved in the transmission of nerve impulses; poisoning with toxic metals due to hard work; brain tumors, genetic predisposition. Also, recent studies have made it clear that people who experience depression and anxiety more often than others fall into the risk group predisposed to Alzheimer’s disease. One of the factors may also be: high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, damaged blood vessels of the brain, high cholesterol, traumatic brain injuries.

It is correct to assume that the problem with remembering information is associated with Alzheimer’s disease, but not all cases of memory loss are caused by the disease. It is important to note that Alzheimer’s causes both dementia and other symptoms that prevent the patient from performing daily functions for life support. These symptoms will not be typical for normal age restrictions. These include correctly: problems with oral and written communication, changes in mood, difficulties in making decisions and solving problems, changes in perception and interpretation of images, etc.

At the moment, psychologists and neurologists have not identified a more effective treatment for Alzheimer’s disease, but despite this, medications have been released to mitigate the symptoms of memory loss. Pharmacological research and the latest therapies that prevent the destruction of brain cells with a probability of up to 89 percent are currently in the implementation stages. Such methods include: treatment of accompanying diseases of the patient; intervention of doctors in the behavior of the patient, in order to reduce aggression, stress, anxiety, sleep problems; coordinated patient care by several specialists; increasing the level of knowledge about the disease to the patient, introducing the patient to the Alzheimer’s club.

It is important to know that Alzheimer’s disease occurs not only in the elderly. Recently, cases of the disease have become more frequent in people 50 years old. Earlier detection of the disease and its treatment will slow down the growth of the progressive development of the disease.



No Comments

Diabetes is a type of chronic disease that manifests itself in cases where the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or if the body cannot use insulin on its own. A common case for the development of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus is hyperglycemia (elevated blood sugar levels), which eventually leads to damage to many functional systems of the body, including the nervous and circulatory systems.

As soon as the doctor detects an increase in blood sugar, it becomes important to determine the type of diabetes. There are gestational diabetes mellitus (hereinafter DM), type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes is the first stage of detecting an increase in blood glucose. This form can occur in any age category and most often allows doctors not to start further development of the disease.

Type 1 diabetes (juvenile or insulin-dependent). In this form of the disease, about 90% of pancreatic cells die due to an autoimmune or viral process that is directly related to the immune system, in which insulin is not produced, which is called absolute insulin deficiency. The disease manifests itself in children and young people.

Type 2 diabetes is insulin-independent. With this type of disease, insulin in the body is produced both in normal and increased amounts, but does not have any physiological effect due to a violation of the sensitivity of cells in the tissues of the body to it (relative insulin deficiency). This disease is more pronounced in people after 40 years (familial diabetes). At risk are people who are overweight (excess glucose).

How does diabetes affect the body? Insufficiency of insulin in the human body leads to a violation of uniquely all types of metabolism: enzymatic destruction of the liver occurs, urine becomes sweet due to the huge release of sodium, potassium and magnesium ions, which disrupts kidney function, protein synthesis decreases, cholesterol synthesis increases, the humoral link suffers, the body ceases to fight the disease.

To cure diabetes mellitus in the early, untreated stages, drugs that lower insulin resistance – thiazolidinediones (in another way, pioglitazone) help. Patients suffering from this disease should properly organize their nutrition, recognize dangerous conditions, calculate carbohydrates, learn to measure glucose levels.

The main goal of diabetes treatment is always to prevent complications of the disease. Recommendations from doctors are as follows: follow a diet and establish a regime of adequate physical activity, keep a food diary, strict medication intake on time, compliance with sleep, work and rest, getting rid of stress.